The Murder Castle Of H.H. Holmes, America’s First Serial Killer

“I was born with the devil in me. I could not help the fact that I was a murderer, no more than a poet can help the inspiration to sing. —Dr. H.H. Holmes

In A Nutshell

In 1893, Dr. H.H. Holmes built a sprawling, three-story brick building in downtown Chicago. The labyrinthine “Murder Castle” contained nearly 100 rooms, dead-end staircases, hallways that looped back onto themselves, and doors with only brick walls behind them. In this grisly maze, Holmes murdered up to 200 people.

The Whole Bushel

H.H. Holmes is widely regarded as America’s first serial killer, a title which he claimed with a vengeance during the 1893 World’s Fair in Chicago. He later confessed to 27 murders, although it’s believed that he may have actually killed hundreds. The victims were mostly visitors to the World’s Fair, and, for the most part, women. After abducting them, Holmes brought them back to his self-styled Murder Castle, an outwardly unassuming building in Englewood. But behind the innocent brick facade was a dark, windowless maze containing close to 100 rooms filled with torture devices. As far as we know, nobody ever escaped once they were brought into the Murder Castle.

A few years before the World Fair, in the late 1880s, Holmes moved to Chicago and took on a part-time job at a drugstore on West 63rd Street, which was owned by a man named Dr. E.S. Holton, who was dying of cancer. After he died, Holmes bought the drugstore from Holton’s wife and agreed to let her continue living above the store. However, when it became apparent that Holmes wasn’t going to pay, she filed a lawsuit against him . . . and then she disappeared.

With her out of the way, Holmes purchased a much larger lot right across the street from the drugstore and began building a hotel. Throughout construction, Holmes made a habit of firing his contractor once a section was built, and then hiring a new one for another section. The result was that nobody except Holmes had any idea of the layout of the maze, a fact which he used to his advantage many times.

When the hotel was completed, he moved the drugstore (which he now owned) into the ground floor and dubbed the building the “World’s Fair Hotel,” just in time for the 27 million people streaming into the city to attend the 1983 World’s Fair. The murderous proprietor then hand-picked female guests and employees and abducted them into the depths of the hotel, where he locked them in soundproof rooms and . . . experimented. As a former medical student who was once on his way to becoming a surgeon, Holmes committed his murders with gruesome attention to detail. Many of the “bedrooms” in the hotel were airtight and connected to gas lines, allowing Holmes to kill his prisoners with the flick of a switch.

The basement of the building was where Holmes did most of his work; after he was captured, an investigation found piles of human bones, an incinerator for cremating, and surgical tools for dissecting in the tunnels running under the Murder Castle. In addition to being a murderous lunatic, Holmes was also a businessman who found ways to profit from his hobby—after stripping the bodies, Holmes often sold the skeletons to universities. He also forced his employees—who were typically young women—to take out life insurance policies naming him as a benefactor. It’s not hard to guess what happened to them.

When the five-month-long World’s Fair ended, Holmes left Chicago and flitted across the US, conning wealthy women into marrying him, then killing them. He was finally arrested in Boston (for horse fraud), and a series of investigations led detectives to discover one of the most gruesome crime scenes in history: The Murder Castle. Holmes was executed in 1896, and the terrible building later burned to the ground. It’s now a post office.

Show Me The Proof

Harper’s: The Master of the Murder Castle
Chilling tour inside serial killer H.H. Holmes’ ‘Murder Castle’ (video)
American Gothic: The Strange Life of H.H. Holmes

  • Shannara Hanna

    Isn’t this the guy who, at some point used acid to dissolve his victims or was that someone else?

    • Steve W

      That was Dahmer,

      • wunskroolooz

        Dahmer copied that.

    • thenextholmes

      You are correct he did use acid. He used all kinds of shit. Go to the tru crime library it’ll tell you

    • David Wilma

      The idea of using acid to dissolve corpses is something of a myth.

  • Exiled Phoenix

    The thoughts of these types of people always intrigue me. …

  • If you want to read the full story of this man and his murder castle (and trust me, you do), pick up The Devil in the White City by Erik Larson. This is a nonfiction book, an account of two men and their activities at the time; one is, of course, Holmes and his activities, the building of his pharmacy/hotel, the procuring of women, his private life. The other a famed architect who designed and oversaw the building of the World’s Fair White City and it’s beautiful park and canal system. This is a book so fascinating I’ve read it several times. It includes photos (none of bodies, thankfully).

  • Pyncky

    it says it was the 1983 World’s Fair. Digital Dyslexia.

  • Errkism

    This guy deserves worse than death. It makes me sick humans like this even exist.

  • Happy Camper

    At least they didn’t waste time executing him. These days he’d sit on death row for 60 years and have thousands of people campaigning to spare him from being executed.

  • Hadeskabir

    The room service in his hotel was to die for.

    • your mom

      i applaud you.

    • I’ve heard people were dying to stay there.

  • Edward Carnby

    The best documentary so far is John Borowski’s “H.H. Holmes: America’s First Serial Killer.”
    If you want to read an atmospheric dramatization about Henry Holmes heinous murders and crimes, try “An Insatiable Thirst for Murder”, available from Amazon. More info at

    or the complete and unabridged non-fiction books all included in one publication (More info from above website address):
    The Holmes Pitezel Case
    A History Of The Greatest Crime Of The Century and the Search For The Missing Pitezel Children. Copyright Frank P. Geyer 1896. (Illustrated – complete and unabridged)

    With Moyamensing Prison Diary Appendix
    Burk & McFetridge Co. 1895. (Illustrated – complete and unabridged)

    Every Detail of His Fearful Crimes Told by the Man Who Admits He Is Turning Into the Shape of the Devil. THE TALE OF THE GREATEST CRIMINAL IN HISTORY
    Copyright, 1896 by W.R. Hearst and James Elverson, Jr.
    (Illustrated – complete and unabridged)

    A Story of H. H. Holmes’ Mysterious Work By ROBERT. L. CORBITT. COPYRIGHT, 1895 (Illustrated – complete and unabridged)

  • David Wilma

    The number of 200 as to his victims is speculative. The house was definitely designed as a dungeon and death chamber, but there is no way of knowing how many people died there.

  • John J. Perry

    Typo says 1983 World’s Fair. It was closer to 1893

  • Barbara Stender

    What happened to the skeletons he sold to schools? And did anyone ever try to calculate how many he sold? To see if they correlate to the number of people he murdered. Also, Identifying them should now be possible through DNA. The victims deserve a resting place. They don’t deserve to live eternity hanging on a stand in classrooms. That should have been H.H. Holmes’ fate.