How The Brain Processes Imagination And Reality Differently

The brain has long been one of science’s great mysteries, and with the improvement of technology, we’re slowly unlocking that mystery piece by piece. When researchers looked at the difference between how the brain processes real information and imaginary thoughts and images, they found that the pathway of information is reversed. Just where the imaginary information originates from isn’t known yet, but being able to trace the way visual information is processed against how ideas are created is the first step in understanding things like dreams and the creative process.

Physical Differences Determine How Men And Women Handle Stress

After a stressful day, many men withdraw and many women look for outside support. It turns out, there’s a scientific reason men and women usually deal with stress differently, and it has to do with some major differences in the male and female brains. When male rat brains were exposed to a stress hormone, the brain was able to stop its reception of the hormone, while female brains didn’t. Male brains—especially the brains of men with high testosterone levels—show a decrease in activity in the portion of the brain that reacts and processes facial features when subjected to stress. That all means that it’s very likely there’s a biological reason that women are more susceptible to stress than men, and it may also mean we need to reevaluate how medicines impact the brain based on gender.

The Difference Between Eating Healthy And Orthorexia

Most people try to eat healthy. You know, have a salad on the side instead of cheese-fries, make sure there’s always fruit in the house, make sure you’re eating your vegetables. But orthorexia occurs when eating healthy becomes your everything. It’s characterized by a sense of accomplishment, control, and superiority when you’re sticking to your ultra-strict diet (which usually gets more and more restrictive), and a way of life that’s dictated by food. When you start avoiding certain activities because it might interfere with the diet or you might have access to unauthorized food, when you start criticizing others’ food choices, and when relationships with actual people start ending, that could be orthorexia.

The Supreme Court’s Difficulty With The Difference Between Fruits And Vegetables

For a long time, people have been rather up in the air about the tomato. By 1893, though, botanists agreed that it was a fruit. It developed from the ovaries of the plant, and that was the very definition of a fruit. When the Supreme Court weighed in, though, they declared it was a vegetable, because no one was eating tomatoes for dessert. Other government have made some pretty strange declarations when it comes to the difference between fruits and vegetables, too. Oklahoma says the watermelon is its state vegetable, and the European Union considers carrots and sweet potatoes to be fruits.

The Different Types Of Obesity

Obesity is on the rise, and there are almost as many diet and exercise choices as there are ways of packing on the pounds. But a study led by Sheffield University is taking another route, and by determining the six different types of obesity, it’s allowing them to look at the larger picture of a person’s health. Obesity isn’t just about obesity: It’s about mental illness, it’s about lifestyle choices, and it’s about other chronic illnesses that are keeping a person from reaching their goals. Isolating which type a person belongs to—the heavy-drinking male, the young and healthy female, the sick but happy elderly, the affluent elderly, the unhappy and anxious middle-aged, or the poor health group—can help people address all the factors that are causing their weight problems.

The Strange Evolution Of The Different Kinds Of Introversion

For a long time, psychologists have debated about how to classify introversion, and throughout the 1990s, it was simply one classification that was more or less “not extroversion.” Researchers have now broken introverts down into four different categories, stressing that each person relates to each category with varying degrees. Reserved introverts start out shy and standoffish, but tend to open up and become more social once they know someone. Thinking introverts tend not to shy away from social situations, but spend those times watching rather than participating. Anxious introverts avoid socializing because it makes them uncomfortable, while social introverts prefer small, close-knit groups.

The Many Different North Stars

Right now, Polaris is the North Star, but it’s technically not the only one. Recent technology has allowed us to finally get a glimpse at Polaris’s companion stars. While one can be seen with a regular telescope, another is so close that the Hubble only got a picture of it in 2006. There are technically more “North Stars” than Polaris, too. Around 5,000 years ago, the pole star was Thuban, now a star in the constellation Draco. Next, it’ll be Errai, and after that, it’ll be Alderamin. The constant change is due to the slightly unsteady rotation of Earth.

How Attitude Differences Could Explain Online Trolling

Recent research has found that a person’s dispositional attitude—whether they’re a positive or negative person—exists as a personality trait that’s separate from other traits. It’s like being introverted or extroverted, and knowing which one you are can help you when your personality starts sabotaging things. For example, it might indicate whether you’re going to be predisposed to like or hate the next installment of your favorite movie series.

The Important Difference Between Feral And Domestic Honeybees

With the continued decline of the worldwide population of pollinators, farmers have been looking to alternative methods, specifically, colonies of domestic bees. There’s a difference between feral and domestic bees, though. Not only do domestic bees forage in different patterns than feral bees, the final yield of the crops they work is considerably lower. They’re also often susceptible to carrying diseases and parasites that feral bees are vulnerable to, aiding in the continued population decline.

The Difference Between Acceptable And Unacceptable Humorous Tragedy

While what’s funny and what’s not is largely a matter of personal taste, psychologists have found that there’s something of a comedic sweet spot that marks the difference between jokes about tragedies that are funny and those that will get you in trouble. And it’s a complicated thing that depends on how bad the tragedy was, how closely we’re personally impacted by it, what kind of joke it is, and how likely we are to believe that it actually happened.