Rosa Parks Wasn’t A Pioneer

“I felt like Sojourner Truth was pushing down on one shoulder and Harriet Tubman was pushing down on the other—saying, ‘Sit down girl!’ I was glued to my seat.” —Claudette Colvin

In A Nutshell

In December 1955, Rosa Parks became a civil rights icon by refusing to submit her bus seat to a white woman. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) became involved, sparking the Montgomery bus boycott and the rise of Martin Luther King Jr. Nine months previous, another woman had also refused her seat on the Montgomery bus line. However, she was 15 years old and pregnant, and the NAACP refused to back her, concerned that her indelicate personal situation might hurt their cause.

The Whole Bushel

Ever since the end of slavery, African Americans were treated as second-class citizens in the United States, subjected to Jim Crow laws, which kept them segregated from whites. Hate groups like the Ku Klux Klan, largely marginalized today, were extremely powerful and vicious, conducting lynchings, bombing churches, and terrorizing innocent people. By the 1950s, tensions had reached a head, with many leaders in the black community preaching a message of civil disobedience—peaceful resistance to the racist status quo. Groups like the NAACP strove for equality.

On December 1, 1955, when African-American Rosa Parks refused to surrender her seat on a Montgomery city bus, the NAACP saw their chance. Parks became one of the darlings of the civil rights movement, the NAACP’s symbol of injustice. Her case led to the Montgomery bus boycott, headed up by rising civil rights advocate Martin Luther King Jr. In the years since, Parks has become an idol, meeting presidents, winning awards, and memorialized with street names all over the country.

But Rosa Parks was hardly the first African-American woman to refuse her seat. Nine months before her historic stand, another Montgomery woman took a stand against discrimination, declining to budge when the bus driver ordered her to give her seat to a white passenger. After proudly opining on her constitutional rights, the woman, Claudette Colvin, was dragged off the bus in handcuffs by the police. It would seem like the perfect platform for the NACCP to make their case. Unfortunately, Colvin was also 15 years old and pregnant by a married man. Such situations were not merely frowned upon in that era, but downright scandalous, and many black leaders gave Colvin’s case a wide berth, fearing it might bring disgrace to their plight.

Although she was left to relative obscurity in favor of Parks, Colvin would go on to have a lasting impact as one of the plaintiffs in the federal court case Browder v. Gayle. On June 13, it was ruled that segregation on buses in Montgomery was unconstitutional. After an appeal, the US Supreme Court upheld the decision on December 17, 1956. Claudette would move to New York afterward and worked in a nursing home for many years, living largely under the radar until very recently.

Show Me The Proof

Claudette Colvin: Biography
NY Times: From Footnote to Fame in Civil Rights History

  • Exiled Phoenix

    Read in a southern drawl.
    I say, I say sir…. It is within my belief that, that there Rosa Parks refused to give her seat up for a gentleman of this here south.

    But seriously I think it was a guy she said no to, correct me if I’m wrong.

    • ScepticSid

      She didn’t say no to any particular passenger . The “black” section had a portable sign that was moved further back if the ” white seats” filled up and black people had to vacate their seats and stand or get off the bus .When the bus driver James F Blake moved the sign from the row in front of her to the row behind the seat she was in became “white” and it was the driver who called the police when she refused to move.

      • Exiled Phoenix

        For the sake of historical accuracy, she said no to a guy. First paragraph of this article clearly states she refused to give her seat up to a “White Woman” I just seek to ensure the truth be told…. Lest a conspiracy arise!

        • JtW

          Not sure the two are mutually exclusive. She could say no to the bus driver who was directing her to move so a white woman could sit.

          • Exiled Phoenix

            While probable, it wasn’t written with that mention. Besides Mr. ScepticSid sees it differently. Also Mr.Blake was a polarizing figure following the instance in his own right. He claimed it wasn’t personal and he was just doing his duty and following regulations. Maybe something for a future article.

    • I’cia( ❤ My Falcons)

      You’re right it was a male, the bus driver.

  • Itsrealfunnythat

    Either way she had cojones. She had to have known it might end badly for her.

  • John End

    Blacks are unevolved, sub-human, violent primates. They have no place in this world other than to entertain us. Close minded is those who cannot see this.

    • The END

      oh and are you a pioneer in evolutionary biology ???? dipshit dumbass how do people with an I Q level like you still even exist?? Bigoted prick

    • hsc001

      Hypocrite, you are not worthy of the name ‘John’.

    • Paynefully

      I don’t know whats worse ur disgusting opinion or the fact that you have 6 guest votes. I’m all freedom of speech…but you should have your tounge and fingers chopped of and be sterilized so civilization can evolve past people like u

      • John End

        Yawn, whites are always the most offended by these truths, because of guilt or just trying to be nice to blacks I don’t know. Go look at any real scientific studies of human evolution. We started as blacks in Africa and became something else. Except blacks, they haven’t evolved yet. All they can do is jump and dance for our amusement. Open your mind!

        • ElBandito

          ‘Open your mind’
          Dude, tell your parasitic fetus twin to stop typing and button up your shirt.

          Also, stop trying to talk for us ‘white people’. I don’t feel fucking guilt because some of us are less white according to different rules in each country or state. Even some people were regarded as ‘black unless proven’ by others simply because they assume that they have sex with every black/indian person because they’re around a 10-foot radius of a non-white person.

          Also for all of your ‘knowledge’, you seem to ignore the fact that black people look far away from our ancestors (if they aren’t evolved, they’d look exactly like Lucy), and, they have also evolved an immunity from malaria. A disease that covers over two entire continents. South America has it thanks to us white people, because we had to bring african slave carriers to replace the Aztecan slaves. So we allowed ourselves to DIE more there, along with the natives and hispanics, while the blacks evolved to live through the disease and prosper.

          So, while you’re jerking off over how proud you are to be so white you’d fry like a damn vampire if someone turns on your house lights, our world is turning hotter each year and skin cancer rates are rising. But what are the usual victims? White people.

          The blacks are built to withstand high temperatures and high UV rays. We can’t even find a means to do the same. We also can’t survive malaria, we can’t even win the olympics with blacks in the competition. So are we somehow so much more evolved? On what, just for living in a cold-climate area? Just for sitting around and hope that we don’t get in a situation where we may have to outrun a predator or an enemy who’s physically faster and stronger than us? Just for avoiding two environmently-rich countries because one single sting from a tiny insect could kill or even cripple us for the rest of our lives?
          Oh I guess I need to ‘open my miiiiiiind’.

          • John End

            I highly doubt you aren’t some mud race with the name El Bandito. I don’t blame you for impersonating a white person online though. Most people do. The Kuato reference was comical, but it hardly makes you one of us.

          • ElBandito

            Being named after a sim character doesn’t determine my race, pal. In fact, I can fucking show you my photograph at this hour, this minute, and you’ll see whether I’m white enough to join your local KKK. At least I don’t try to thrumb my clit online over how awesomely white I am and how everything else is crap. You can be an albino and if you so much as go to Spanga in Sweden, they won’t even see you as ‘white’. In fact, I even got told at my face that because I’m American, I’m not even 100% white because of the whole ‘black slavery’ and interracial sex that was supposedly more prevalent here than in Sweden. Hence why I said, “To some people, you’re not white unless you got every proof to tell them they’re wrong.”.

            Seriously, they even said we screwed so many blacks, they believed it’s why we seem to have a high amount of fat blacks in the US than all the blacks in Europe and Africa. Because, amazingly, they assumed that us doughy people couldn’t keep our mitts off of black people (yeah, and they were quick to tell some black guys in my group, when they were shitting about us whites, that they were hypocritical because their culture is white, their names were white, and they look nothing at all like a pure African). Pretty funny, those Swedes.

            And I didn’t know that knowing Total Recall is proof that a person is white. I guess on whatever backwater town that you lived in, they probably still had the Jim Crow law on your local movies, huh?

            I’m also gonna be waiting on your answer for the whole problem on your evolution logic. I wouldn’t be holding my breath, but the mod from STFUHatemongers.tumblr.com are already loving the screencaps I’ve been submitting so far.

          • John End

            Oh noes! You’re posting screenshots of your nonsensical wall of text rambling s to some retarded site!? AND MINE AS WELL! Well I barely skimmed your meth driven responses and they are so ridiculously innacurrate that they warrant no rebuttal whatsoever. They’re barely even on topic and I’m sure you’re the biggest idiot of your already idiot filled online community. Go make me some tacos Pedro.

          • ElBandito

            Awww, can we at least get to the part where you simultaneously call me a ni**er lover and a bitch? I don’t know how to make tacos let alone sandwiches and I’m still waiting to for you to get back to your nonsensical statement that had nothing to do with Rosa Parks or civil right advocates. You kinda started off talking about how people like her are only good enough for entertainment (what kind, I have no fucking clue, we were hoping you’d follow through).

            Also, how inaccurate is my evolution statement? Or the fact that most people view our whole whites vs. blacks as not making sense considering how we keep screwing one another? I mean, it was perfectly legal to have sex with them, just not ~marrying~ them til at least 1960 rolled in.

            Also what is tacos Pedro? Is that a kind of a taco? Maybe you should ask your teacher how to use the Oxford comma if you want to make your sentence more understandable.

          • John End

            Wait… are you a female? Haha, no wonder your arguments are silly and emotional. Want to have sex though?

          • ElBandito

            Well, fuck. Looks like I’m still a little far with my douchebag-bingo. Still nothing on Miss Rosa Parks? Or your stance that black people should be chained up and dancing for your viewing pleasure? Avoiding your own short-ended points aren’t sexy. *tsk tsk*

            By the way, are you ever gonna go on about what the hell a Taco Pedro is? I don’t know any mexicans to ask.

          • John End

            Oh I see, you’ve got some black kids or primitive black boyfriend that you’re defending. Make all the excuses that you want. Facts and stats don’t lie. If you need me to look these up for you then you are quite out of touch with reality. At least send me boob photo? The left one.

          • ElBandito

            No, actually. How bout you actually send me those facts? Because no matter how hard I try, I can’t seem to find it. Maybe the internet is against you? Maybe that’s why you just had to step out and blurt out something for ‘the cause’.

            Maybe when you show me something that doesn’t come from a ‘Scientific Klansmen Journal of Research and Statistics’ series, I’ll send you my webcam link.

          • John End

            98% of all violent crimes are committed by blacks and Hispanics in NYC. The average black IQ is 80. El Bandito has a 74% chance of having crooked nipples. Prisons are filled with blacks. Dispute this!

          • ElBandito

            Sorry, John. But you are not a forensic investigator let alone a statistician. I want actual proof. I want to see something from ASTM, Science Direct, or OMICSonline.
            Because after spending a year getting my Forensic masters, funny enough, I completely couldn’t find a single full report of black and hispanic homicide or IQ levels. I know you’re probably frustrated because nobody worthwhile is actually bringing forth the stuff you believe in. But sorry, I’m not the kind of person who’s in the Invisible Pink Unicorn cult.

            Just because a guy on the net says something, doesn’t mean I’m gonna believe in it whole-heartedly, without actually seeing the proof.

            Also, high school shootings were found to be mostly perpetrated by white males in the US. The National Institute of Justice, in report no. 270 that was written in June 15, 2012, states that black people actually accounted less than 28% of arrests taken in the year of 2009. Whereas in the same year, 75% of perpetrators were white males. The data of the 2009 record shows that 10% of the reports were simple assault, 18% property damage such as robbery and arson, 12% was drug usage, and the rest of the 56% were drunken and disorderly conduct, weapon violations, etc.
            And yet, they and the Pew Center Charitable Trust are currently trying to bring attention that for some reason, blacks are more likely to be held in prison despite the prevalence of whites commiting more crimes. Their entire report is about the discrimination towards non-whites in the justice system, and the impact set on their unemployability afterwards.

            There’s also the Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture, (number 2 from its series 10), written in 2003. Where they found that looking into police reports, that they were harassing more black people than any other race in the US. They found that when investigating these cops, and tried to ask them exactly ‘what’ set them off on having suspicion on black US citizens, they found that the police could barely provide a coherent reason.

            There’s also the fact from the Journal of Forensic Sciences (number 3 from series 5) published on August 2004, that had tried to find a relationship on any similiarities of America’s controversial serial killers. The fact that most of them were white is a deciding factor; since Jeffrey Dahmer (kill count: 17), Ted Bundy (rape and murder count: 36+), Charles Albright (AKA the Dallas Ripper. Kill count: 3), Joseph D. Ball (the famous alligator man, kill count: 20), David Berkowitz (Kill count: 6, wounded 7), Kenneth Bianchi (kill count: 12), Terry Blair (Kill count: 8), William Bonin (Kill count: claimed have done up to 36), John Wayne Gacy (Kill count: May be more, police only found 34 human remains of young boys and men under his house). We also cant forget crazies like the colorful Ed Gein, who’s white, and was caught putting his neighbor’s mother on a butcher’s hook and gutting her like a deer.

            You can find some black crazies and serial killers for me. I’m kinda tired and I need to go and discuss with my girlfriends over how all of the school shootings were mostly done by white boys and that guy from the Virginia Tech Massacre seem to be the only guy to combo break the whole list.

          • John End

            Do you watch yourself in the mirror when you type? You seem like you’re new to the intrawebz, so let me explain something to you: You can’t win an argument just by replying with 10x more words. All your stats are white dudes with a joint or drunk in public. Blacks are violent criminals. School shootings are so rare they make the national news and almost changes the country every time it happens. Violent black crimes are so commonplace that we are bored of it at this point, and it’s hardly shown on the news for fear of loss in ratings or someone screaming racism. There are 2 buses that you must travel a long distance in, one is full of whites, one is full of blacks. Which would you choose? Even a black would hop on the white bus. Probably in some very rhythmic manner that makes us want to pay him for it.

          • ElBandito

            Oh I’m sorry, did I strike a nerve?

            Because clearly you’re refusing to show any proof, let alone anything backing up your first comment. I’m actually getting really bored here, because I’m waiting for the ‘proof’ and all I’m seeing is you piss and moan about how your Aryan race hasn’t done enough to turn back the clock.

            Either you bring up whatever made you so wise about the whites vs. blacks crime cases, or you can go back to yapping on and on and on about what YOU think.

            Stay cool, Gwai Lao. Don’t mess yourself.

          • Paynefully

            El bandito just debate whooped your ass lol.

    • Kelly Wong

      Lololol guys he’s a troll and he’s clearly saying inflammatory things to provoke a response. Don’t even waste your time on this

      • ElBandito

        But his responses are so delicious.

  • Alucard_the_last

    Ida B. Wells did this decades earlier except on a train. This happened in Tenn. and the Tenn. Supreme Court deemed segregation in unconstructional. From there it went to the US Supreme Court where segregation was upheld.

  • Scott

    If I can quote Cedric the Entertainer’s character in Barbershop, “Rosa Parks didn’t do nothin’ but sit her black ass on a bus!”

  • I love to learn new things like this as much as the next guy, but you really don’t need an “in your face” title like “Rosa Parks wasnt a pioneer” to have me click on it. “Rosa Parks wasn’t the first” would have been enough. You don’t need to shock and awe people into clicking these articles if they are interesting enough.

    • John End

      Bullshit semantics.

  • surfenstein

    Somebody wants black people to read this